Discover Steel

What is Steel?

Steel is an essential alloy primarily of iron and carbon, with other elements in small proportions. Carbon is the primary alloying element, typically comprising 0.2% to 2.1% of the alloy. Adding carbon to iron gives Steel its notable strength and hardness, surpassing pure iron; but excess carbon can also lead to brittleness.

Elements like chromium, nickel, and molybdenum can be added to improve Steel’s corrosion resistance, hardness, or overall strength, highlighting its pivotal role in global infrastructure.

Steel’s versatility is seen in its wide range of applications, from everyday items to intricate engineering and construction projects. Understanding the different types of Steel and their applications is vital to comprehending the backbone of our global economy.

Bessemer Furnace

What is the origin of Steel?

Steel production, a practice dating back to around 1800 BCE in Anatolia, modern-day Turkey, was an intricate art due to the difficulty of controlling temperature and carbon content.

The modern steel industry was revolutionized in the 1850s with Henry Bessemer’s invention of the Bessemer process. This groundbreaking innovation allowed air to blow through molten iron, reducing carbon content and significantly cutting production time and costs.

The transformative impact of this process cannot be overstated, as it made Steel more affordable and accessible, catalyzing the industrial revolution and changing the course of history.

Steel in Infrastructure

What are the applications of Steel?

Steel’s impact on modern society is profound, with its applications ranging from infrastructure like buildings and bridges to vehicles and household appliances.

Its inherent strengths—durability, recyclability, and robustness—make it indispensable in engineering, construction, and beyond.

The material’s adaptability across sectors, from healthcare devices to renewable energy infrastructure, showcases its versatility and crucial role in contemporary life and technology.

Steel Bridge Golden Gate

How important is Steel to the world?

Steel is not just a material; it’s a backbone of economic development and industrial advancement. Playing a critical role in the industrial revolution, it remains fundamental in various sectors, driving job creation and industrial growth.

Beyond its economic value, Steel is central to environmental sustainability. Its infinite recyclability without quality loss exemplifies the principles of the circular economy, aligning the steel industry with global efforts to reduce environmental impact through efficient manufacturing, extensive recycling, and waste reduction.

Did you know?

Some compelling facts underscore Steel’s ubiquitous presence:
1. Steel is the world’s most recycled material, surpassing all other materials combined.
2. With over 3,500 grades available, Steel’s versatility is unmatched, catering to many applications.
3. Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest structure, consumed 39,000 tons of Steel during its construction.
4. The Eiffel Tower is constructed from 7,300 metric tons of iron, a testament to Steel’s enduring legacy.
5. Steel, with its various types, is one of the world’s most crucial building materials.